Welcome!

Oracle Authors: Lori MacVittie, Carmen Gonzalez, Sandi Mappic, Roger Strukhoff, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: Virtualization, Java, Linux, Open Source, Oracle, Cloud Expo

Virtualization: Article

Configuring Linux Virtualization with Oracle VirtualBox

Using ISOs for virtual machines

Virtualization is the process creating a virtual version of a resource such as an operating system, network resource or storage device. Virtualization of an OS involves hosting an OS on another OS using a virtualizer such as Oracle VirtualBox. Various Linux distributions such as openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora are available. In this article we'll discuss hosting openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox running on Windows OS.

Setting the Environment
Download the ISO images for the guest OS to be installed, openSUSE 12.1 Live KDE ISO, Ubuntu ISO, Fedora ISO. Download the Oracle VirtualBox exe file VirtualBox-4.1.8-Win.exe or another version from https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Double-click on the exe file to start the setup wizard. Click on Next in the Oracle VirtualBox 4.1.8 Setup wizard. In Custom Setup select the features to install (the default features) and specify the directory Location to install. Click on Next. Select the required options in Custom Setup and click on Next. A Warning indicates that installing the VirtualBox Networing feature will reset the networking connection. For "Proceed with installation now" click on Yes. In Ready to Install click on Install. Oracle VM VirtualBox gets installed. Select the checkbox Start OracleVM VirtualBox after installation and click on Finish. The Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager gets installed.

Configuring openSUSE
In this section we'll install openSUSE distribution on Oracle VirtualBox. Click on Machine>New to create a new virtual machine.

The Create a New Virtual Machine wizard gets started. Click on Next. In VM Name and OS Type specify a Name, and in OS Type select Operating System as Linux. Select Version as openSUSE and click on Next.

In Memory select the amount of base memory as 512 MB and click on Next. In Virtual Hard Disk the recommended size of the start-up disk is indicated as 8.00 GB. Select Create a New Hard Disk option and click on Next. In Create New Virtual Disk wizard select File Type as VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image), which is the default selection, and click on Next. In Virtual disk storage details select Storage details as Dynamically allocated. A dynamically allocated disk only uses space as it gets filled up based on requirement, which could slow down its use. A Fixed size disk take longer to create but is faster to use. Click on Next. Select Dynamically allocated and select Next. In Virtual disk file location and size specify Location as OpenSuse and Size as 8.00 GB. Click on Next. In Summary click on Create. An OpenSuse virtual machine gets created. Select the virtual machine and click on Start Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager.

In VirtualBox Information click on OK for the default settings. The First Run Wizard gets started when the virtual machine is started for the first time so that an OS may be installed. Click on Next. In Select installation Media select Media Source as the openSUSE KDE Live ISO. Click on Next.

In Summary click on Start. The openSUSE Installer gets started. Click on Installation when the installer starts.

In Welcome click on Next. In Clock and Timezone select the Timezone, time and date settings and click on Next. In VirtualBox Information click on OK. In Suggested Partitioning click on Edit Partitioning Setup. The Expert Partitioner shows the Avaliable Storage on Linux. Click on Accept.

Click on Next in Suggested Partitioning. In Create New User specify the username and password and click on Next. In Live Installation Settings click on Next. Click on Install. In Confirm Installation click on Install. The installation starts up. In Perform Installation the root filesystem and the live image are shown as being copied. The OpenSuse Kernel gets started. The OpenSUSE virtual machine is shown as running.

Linux login for root gets performed.

Configuring Ubuntu
Next, we'll configure Ubuntu on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous section. In VM Name and OS Type select Operating System as Linux and Version as Ubuntu. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Ubuntu gets created. Using the same procedure as in the previous section initialize the new virtual machine. Click on Start. Select Installation Media as the Ubuntu iso. Click on Next. The Linux ISO for Ubuntu gets started. Click on OK in VirtualBox Information. Ubuntu 11.10 virtual machine ISO gets initialized. Click on Install Ubuntu.

In Preparing to Install Ubuntu a system test is performed for enough drive space (4.4 GB) and connection with the Internet. Click on Continue. In Installation Type select Erase disk and install Ubuntu. The disk to be erased is not the Windows OS on which the Oracle VirtualBox is running, but the virtual machine disk. Click on Continue.

In Install>Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu the drive is selected by default. Click on Install Now.

Specify a username and password and click on Continue. Ubuntu gets installed on the virtual machine. Specify Password for the user. Ubuntu is shown as installed.

Configuring Fedora
Next, we'll install Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous sections. Select Operating System as Linux and Version as Fedora. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Fedora gets created. Click on Start to start and initialize the virtual machine. The First Run Wizard gets started. In Select Installation Media select the Fedora ISO. Click on Next. Fedora OS gets installed on the virtual machine.

Summary
In this article we learned how to install and configure Linux distributions openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox virtualizer. We used the ISOs for virtual machines to install the Linux distributions on virtual machines running on Oracle VirualBox.

More Stories By Deepak Vohra

Deepak Vohra is a Sun Certified Java 1.4 Programmer and a Web developer.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
The Internet of Things will greatly expand the opportunities for data collection and new business models driven off of that data. In her session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, will discuss how for this to be effective you not only need to have infrastructure and operational models capable of utilizing this new phenomenon, but increasingly service providers will need to convince a skeptical public to participate. Get ready to show them the money! Speaker Bio: Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, has spent 16 years as a marketing, product management, and busin...
Samsung VP Jacopo Lenzi, who headed the company's recent SmartThings acquisition under the auspices of Samsung's Open Innovaction Center (OIC), answered a few questions we had about the deal. This interview was in conjunction with our interview with SmartThings CEO Alex Hawkinson. IoT Journal: SmartThings was developed in an open, standards-agnostic platform, and will now be part of Samsung's Open Innovation Center. Can you elaborate on your commitment to keep the platform open? Jacopo Lenzi: Samsung recognizes that true, accelerated innovation cannot be driven from one source, but requires a...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Red Hat, the world's leading provider of open source solutions, will exhibit at Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Red Hat is the world's leading provider of open source software solutions, using a community-powered approach to reliable and high-performing cloud, Linux, middleware, storage and virtualization technologies. Red Hat also offers award-winning support, training, and consulting services. As the connective hub in a global network of enterprises, partners, a...
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Robin Raymond, Chief Architect at Hookflash Inc., will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone a...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Matrix.org has been named “Silver Sponsor” of Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Matrix is an ambitious new open standard for open, distributed, real-time communication over IP. It defines a new approach for interoperable Instant Messaging and VoIP based on pragmatic HTTP APIs and WebRTC, and provides open source reference implementations to showcase and bootstrap the new standard. Our focus is on simplicity, security, and supporting the fullest feature set.
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.
How do APIs and IoT relate? The answer is not as simple as merely adding an API on top of a dumb device, but rather about understanding the architectural patterns for implementing an IoT fabric. There are typically two or three trends: Exposing the device to a management framework Exposing that management framework to a business centric logic • Exposing that business layer and data to end users. This last trend is the IoT stack, which involves a new shift in the separation of what stuff happens, where data lives and where the interface lies. For instance, it’s a mix of architectural style...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SOA Software, an API management leader, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. SOA Software is a leading provider of API Management and SOA Governance products that equip business to deliver APIs and SOA together to drive their company to meet its business strategy quickly and effectively. SOA Software’s technology helps businesses to accelerate their digital channels with APIs, drive partner adoption, monetize their assets, and achieve a...
From a software development perspective IoT is about programming "things," about connecting them with each other or integrating them with existing applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Yakov Fain, co-founder of Farata Systems and SuranceBay, will show you how small IoT-enabled devices from multiple manufacturers can be integrated into the workflow of an enterprise application. This is a practical demo of building a framework and components in HTML/Java/Mobile technologies to serve as a platform that can integrate new devices as they become available on the market.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Utimaco will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Utimaco is a leading manufacturer of hardware based security solutions that provide the root of trust to keep cryptographic keys safe, secure critical digital infrastructures and protect high value data assets. Only Utimaco delivers a general-purpose hardware security module (HSM) as a customizable platform to easily integrate into existing software solutions, embed business logic and build s...
Connected devices are changing the way we go about our everyday life, from wearables to driverless cars, to smart grids and entire industries revolutionizing business opportunities through smart objects, capable of two-way communication. But what happens when objects are given an IP-address, and we rely on that connection, sometimes with our lives? How do we secure those vast data infrastructures and safe-keep the privacy of sensitive information? This session will outline how each and every connected device can uphold a core root of trust via a unique cryptographic signature – a “bir...
Internet of @ThingsExpo Silicon Valley announced on Thursday its first 12 all-star speakers and sessions for its upcoming event, which will take place November 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in California. @ThingsExpo, the first and largest IoT event in the world, debuted at the Javits Center in New York City in June 10-12, 2014 with over 6,000 delegates attending the conference. Among the first 12 announced world class speakers, IBM will present two highly popular IoT sessions, which will take place November 4-6, 2014 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, Calif...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, will discuss how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.

SUNNYVALE, Calif., Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Spansion Inc. (NYSE: CODE), a global leader in embedded systems, today added 96 new products to the Spansion® FM4 Family of flexible microcontrollers (MCUs). Based on the ARM® Cortex®-M4F core, the new MCUs boast a 200 MHz operating frequency and support a diverse set of on-chip peripherals for enhanced human machine interfaces (HMIs) and machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. The rich set of periphera...

SYS-CON Events announced today that Aria Systems, the recurring revenue expert, has been named "Bronze Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Aria Systems helps leading businesses connect their customers with the products and services they love. Industry leaders like Pitney Bowes, Experian, AAA NCNU, VMware, HootSuite and many others choose Aria to power their recurring revenue business and deliver exceptional experiences to their customers.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is going to require a new way of thinking and of developing software for speed, security and innovation. This requires IT leaders to balance business as usual while anticipating for the next market and technology trends. Cloud provides the right IT asset portfolio to help today’s IT leaders manage the old and prepare for the new. Today the cloud conversation is evolving from private and public to hybrid. This session will provide use cases and insights to reinforce the value of the network in helping organizations to maximize their company’s cloud experience.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is making everything it touches smarter – smart devices, smart cars and smart cities. And lucky us, we’re just beginning to reap the benefits as we work toward a networked society. However, this technology-driven innovation is impacting more than just individuals. The IoT has an environmental impact as well, which brings us to the theme of this month’s #IoTuesday Twitter chat. The ability to remove inefficiencies through connected objects is driving change throughout every sector, including waste management. BigBelly Solar, located just outside of Boston, is trans...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Matrix.org has been named “Silver Sponsor” of Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Matrix is an ambitious new open standard for open, distributed, real-time communication over IP. It defines a new approach for interoperable Instant Messaging and VoIP based on pragmatic HTTP APIs and WebRTC, and provides open source reference implementations to showcase and bootstrap the new standard. Our focus is on simplicity, security, and supporting the fullest feature set.
Predicted by Gartner to add $1.9 trillion to the global economy by 2020, the Internet of Everything (IoE) is based on the idea that devices, systems and services will connect in simple, transparent ways, enabling seamless interactions among devices across brands and sectors. As this vision unfolds, it is clear that no single company can accomplish the level of interoperability required to support the horizontal aspects of the IoE. The AllSeen Alliance, announced in December 2013, was formed with the goal to advance IoE adoption and innovation in the connected home, healthcare, education, aut...