Welcome!

Oracle Authors: Cloud Best Practices Network, Tim Hinds, Dale Kim, Mike Kavis, Hovhannes Avoyan

Related Topics: Virtualization, Java, Linux, Open Source, Oracle, Cloud Expo

Virtualization: Article

Configuring Linux Virtualization with Oracle VirtualBox

Using ISOs for virtual machines

Virtualization is the process creating a virtual version of a resource such as an operating system, network resource or storage device. Virtualization of an OS involves hosting an OS on another OS using a virtualizer such as Oracle VirtualBox. Various Linux distributions such as openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora are available. In this article we'll discuss hosting openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox running on Windows OS.

Setting the Environment
Download the ISO images for the guest OS to be installed, openSUSE 12.1 Live KDE ISO, Ubuntu ISO, Fedora ISO. Download the Oracle VirtualBox exe file VirtualBox-4.1.8-Win.exe or another version from https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Double-click on the exe file to start the setup wizard. Click on Next in the Oracle VirtualBox 4.1.8 Setup wizard. In Custom Setup select the features to install (the default features) and specify the directory Location to install. Click on Next. Select the required options in Custom Setup and click on Next. A Warning indicates that installing the VirtualBox Networing feature will reset the networking connection. For "Proceed with installation now" click on Yes. In Ready to Install click on Install. Oracle VM VirtualBox gets installed. Select the checkbox Start OracleVM VirtualBox after installation and click on Finish. The Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager gets installed.

Configuring openSUSE
In this section we'll install openSUSE distribution on Oracle VirtualBox. Click on Machine>New to create a new virtual machine.

The Create a New Virtual Machine wizard gets started. Click on Next. In VM Name and OS Type specify a Name, and in OS Type select Operating System as Linux. Select Version as openSUSE and click on Next.

In Memory select the amount of base memory as 512 MB and click on Next. In Virtual Hard Disk the recommended size of the start-up disk is indicated as 8.00 GB. Select Create a New Hard Disk option and click on Next. In Create New Virtual Disk wizard select File Type as VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image), which is the default selection, and click on Next. In Virtual disk storage details select Storage details as Dynamically allocated. A dynamically allocated disk only uses space as it gets filled up based on requirement, which could slow down its use. A Fixed size disk take longer to create but is faster to use. Click on Next. Select Dynamically allocated and select Next. In Virtual disk file location and size specify Location as OpenSuse and Size as 8.00 GB. Click on Next. In Summary click on Create. An OpenSuse virtual machine gets created. Select the virtual machine and click on Start Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager.

In VirtualBox Information click on OK for the default settings. The First Run Wizard gets started when the virtual machine is started for the first time so that an OS may be installed. Click on Next. In Select installation Media select Media Source as the openSUSE KDE Live ISO. Click on Next.

In Summary click on Start. The openSUSE Installer gets started. Click on Installation when the installer starts.

In Welcome click on Next. In Clock and Timezone select the Timezone, time and date settings and click on Next. In VirtualBox Information click on OK. In Suggested Partitioning click on Edit Partitioning Setup. The Expert Partitioner shows the Avaliable Storage on Linux. Click on Accept.

Click on Next in Suggested Partitioning. In Create New User specify the username and password and click on Next. In Live Installation Settings click on Next. Click on Install. In Confirm Installation click on Install. The installation starts up. In Perform Installation the root filesystem and the live image are shown as being copied. The OpenSuse Kernel gets started. The OpenSUSE virtual machine is shown as running.

Linux login for root gets performed.

Configuring Ubuntu
Next, we'll configure Ubuntu on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous section. In VM Name and OS Type select Operating System as Linux and Version as Ubuntu. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Ubuntu gets created. Using the same procedure as in the previous section initialize the new virtual machine. Click on Start. Select Installation Media as the Ubuntu iso. Click on Next. The Linux ISO for Ubuntu gets started. Click on OK in VirtualBox Information. Ubuntu 11.10 virtual machine ISO gets initialized. Click on Install Ubuntu.

In Preparing to Install Ubuntu a system test is performed for enough drive space (4.4 GB) and connection with the Internet. Click on Continue. In Installation Type select Erase disk and install Ubuntu. The disk to be erased is not the Windows OS on which the Oracle VirtualBox is running, but the virtual machine disk. Click on Continue.

In Install>Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu the drive is selected by default. Click on Install Now.

Specify a username and password and click on Continue. Ubuntu gets installed on the virtual machine. Specify Password for the user. Ubuntu is shown as installed.

Configuring Fedora
Next, we'll install Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous sections. Select Operating System as Linux and Version as Fedora. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Fedora gets created. Click on Start to start and initialize the virtual machine. The First Run Wizard gets started. In Select Installation Media select the Fedora ISO. Click on Next. Fedora OS gets installed on the virtual machine.

Summary
In this article we learned how to install and configure Linux distributions openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox virtualizer. We used the ISOs for virtual machines to install the Linux distributions on virtual machines running on Oracle VirualBox.

More Stories By Deepak Vohra

Deepak Vohra is a Sun Certified Java 1.4 Programmer and a Web developer.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal an...
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential Internet of Things Brand by Onalytica in the ‘The Internet of Things Landscape 2015: Top 100 Individuals and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed Twitter conversations around the #IoT debate to uncover the most influential brands and individuals driving the conversation. Onalytica captured data from 56,224 users. The PageRank based methodology they use to extract influencers on a particular topic (tweets mentioning #InternetofThings or #IoT in this case) takes into account the number and quality of contextual references that a user receives.
17th Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS – software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.
Enterprise IoT is an exciting and chaotic space with a lot of potential to transform how the enterprise resources are managed. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Hari Srinivasan, Sr Product Manager at Cisco, will describe the challenges in enabling mass adoption of IoT, and share perspectives and insights on architectures/standards/protocols that are necessary to build a healthy ecosystem and lay the foundation to for a wide variety of exciting IoT use cases in the years to come.
Avnet, Inc. has announced that it ranked No. 4 on the InformationWeek Elite 100 – a list of the top business technology innovators in the U.S. Avnet was recognized for the development of an innovative cloud-based training system that serves as the foundation for Avnet Academy – the company’s education and training organization focused on technical training around top IT vendor technologies. The development of this system allowed Avnet to quickly expand its IT-related training capabilities around the world, while creating a new service that Avnet and its IT solution providers can offer to their...
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential M2M Brand by Onalytica in the ‘Machine to Machine: Top 100 Influencers and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed the online debate on M2M by looking at over 85,000 tweets to provide the most influential individuals and brands that drive the discussion. According to Onalytica the "analysis showed a very engaged community with a lot of interactive tweets. The M2M discussion seems to be more fragmented and driven by some of the major brands present in the M2M space. This really allows some room for influential individuals to create more high value inter...
SYS-CON Events announced today that B2Cloud, a provider of enterprise resource planning software, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. B2cloud develops the software you need. They have the ideal tools to help you work with your clients. B2Cloud’s main solutions include AGIS – ERP, CLOHC, AGIS – Invoice, and IZUM
It's time to put the "Thing" back in IoT. Whether it’s drones, robots, self-driving cars, ... There are multiple incredible examples of the power of IoT nowadays that are shadowed by announcements of yet another twist on statistics, databases, .... Sorry, I meant, Big Data(TM), tiered storage(TM), complex systems(TM), smart nations(TM), .... In his session at WebRTC Summit, Dr Alex Gouaillard, CTO and Co-Founder of Temasys, will discuss the concrete, cool, examples of IoT already happening today, and how mixing all those different sources of visual and audio input can make your life happier ...
The WebRTC Summit 2015 New York, to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 16th International Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit.
There is no doubt that Big Data is here and getting bigger every day. Building a Big Data infrastructure today is no easy task. There are an enormous number of choices for database engines and technologies. To make things even more challenging, requirements are getting more sophisticated, and the standard paradigm of supporting historical analytics queries is often just one facet of what is needed. As Big Data growth continues, organizations are demanding real-time access to data, allowing immediate and actionable interpretation of events as they happen. Another aspect concerns how to deliver ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY., and the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides private all-in-one social intranets allowing workers to securely collaborate from anywhere in the world and from any device. Social, mobile, and easy to use. MangoApps has been named a "Market Leader" by Ovum Research and a "Cool Vendor" by Gartner...
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
In his session at WebRTC Summit, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at creating interactive communications via the web by adding messaging, file transfer, and group communication (group chat and audio/video conferencing) into the web experience. He will also discuss potential applications of this technology in areas including B2B, B2C, P2P, and gaming. Peter Dunkley is Technical Director at Acision. He graduated from The University of Edinburgh in 2000 with a BSc (Hons) in Computer Science. After graduation Peter worked on a PSTN switch developing signalling stacks for SS...
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
What if, during a snow emergency, an on-the-ground sensor could automatically trigger a relevant emergency notification related to snowfall and road impact. And then, after it’s triggered, that notification is delivered intelligently to individuals based on an extensive set of rules designed to alert the most available and capable responders. This “what if” question about “smart highways” is short-sighted. We are already there, and we are only getting started. While mainstream attention is paid to machine-to-machine communications, new technologies are being developed to make these communica...
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.