Welcome!

Recurring Revenue Authors: LeanTaaS Blog, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, John Katrick, Yeshim Deniz

Blog Feed Post

CRASH Webinar: Code Quality Q & A Discussion

We just finished up the 30-minute webinar where Dr. Bill Curtis, our Chief Scientist, described some of the findings that are about to be published by CAST Research Labs. The CRASH (CAST Research on Application Software Health) report for 2014 is chock full of new data on software risk, code quality and technical debt. We expect the initial CRASH report to be produced in the next month, and based on some of the inquiries we’ve received so far, we will probably see a number of smaller follow-up studies come out of the 2014 CRASH data. This year’s CRASH data that we saw Bill present is based on 1316 applications, comprising 706 million lines of code – a pretty large subset of the overall Appmarq repository.  This means the average application in the sample was 536 KLOC. We’re talking big data for BIG apps here. This is by far the biggest repository of enterprise IT code quality and technical debt research data. Some of the findings presented included correlations between the health factors – we learned that Performance Efficiency is pretty uncorrelated to other health factors and that Security is highly correlated to software Robustness. We also saw how the health factor scores were distributed across the sample set and the differences in structural code quality by outsourcing, offshoring, Agile and CMMI level. There were many questions, so we went 15 minutes over the 30 minute timeslot to address all of them. The main point of this post is to document some of the more important questions and my summary of the answers provided by Bill Curtis, especially for those of you who could not stay on past the half hour. So, here goes: 1. If an application is better in one health factor, e.g., robustness , does it tend to also have better scores in the other areas (security, performance )? We have a lot of data on this, some of which was shown in the webinar. Overall, what we’re finding is that most of the health factors are correlated – especially Robustness and Security. The only exception to that is Performance Efficiency, which has very low correlation to any of the other health factors. 2. Does the age or maturity of an application have correlation to its size? Looking at the demographic age data we have, it seems that older applications are indeed larger. Certainly the COBOL applications tend to be larger than the average. But, we did not do a statistical analysis of this particular data correlation. 3. Do you track if an application is based on a commercial package (COTS) or completely from scratch? We do, of course, for SAP-based and Oracle-based package customizations, for which we have a large dataset. For most others, it’s hard to determine whether the custom application was at some point based on a COTS package. In some cases, even the staff in that IT organization may not know this. 4. Do you have findings by industry? Or any details on technical debt? Or, by technology? We will have findings by industry that we will be producing in subsequent CRASH report research. We are revamping our Technical Debt analysis to make it more sophisticated and that will be published in a separate CRASH research report later this year. The technology analysis is difficult, because so many software engineering rules that we’re looking at are technology specific. We decided to leave that out of this CRASH report and we will be evaluating how to accurately report that data later on in the year. 5. Does Language have a significant impact on quality or development cost? There are many things to consider when thinking about impact of language. In general, COBOL developers have tended to be more disciplined and trained than Java developers, but that may change over time. When looking at C or C++, there are more opportunities to make technical mistakes in memory management and pointer arithmetic. But overall, it’s hard to make generalizations industry wide. Each specific organization has stronger skillsets in certain technologies. We recommend analyzing the code quality in your organization to draw conclusions for your own technology roadmap or training regimen for developers. 6. For J-EE applications are you able to differentiate the quality & productivity for applications developed using industry frameworks versus earlier generation applications built ground-up? Yes we can. The Appmarq repository contains data on applications with a number of enterprise Java frameworks, including Struts, Spring, Hibernate and others. We did not focus on this specific question in this year’s CRASH research, but we did publish a specific report about frameworks last year based on the last dataset pulled from Appmarq. You can take a look at it here – the findings might surprise you. 7. Do you have statistics on onshore vs offshore delivery by function points? Not yet. We plan on collecting this data over the next several years and to analyze these statistics in subsequent CRASH reports. 8. What are the current practices to leverage CAST automated function points to measure productivity of global project teams? Are there mature models to follow? This question is not specific to the CRASH report results, but it’s an important question that we hear with increasing frequency from IT practitioners. Large scale adoption of function points for productivity measurement is a rich, detailed topic that deserves significant treatment. Bill Curtis has held full-day seminars to train on this topic several times over the last couple years and is working on a book. Some of this material has been summarized in a whitepaper-style research report that you can find here. For more information, please contact us and we can set up more in-depth workshops for your organization. 9. If we look back to the previous CRASH reports, what do we learn when comparing to the current data? This is a tough question to answer, as we don’t do trending analysis at this point. The difference between this report and the last report is that our dataset is about double. Some of our past findings are being confirmed, where we saw the data trend but did not want to report conclusions because we did not have statistical significance. Now we have enough data points to make statements, like our conclusion about differences in shoring. We cannot, however, say that quality in the industry is getting better or getting worse as a whole. We’ll need many more years of data to make coherent conclusions on that scale.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Lev Lesokhin

Lev Lesokhin is responsible for CAST's market development, strategy, thought leadership and product marketing worldwide. He has a passion for making customers successful, building the ecosystem, and advancing the state of the art in business technology. Lev comes to CAST from SAP, where he was Director, Global SME Marketing. Prior to SAP, Lev was at the Corporate Executive Board as one of the leaders of the Applications Executive Council, where he worked with the heads of applications organizations at Fortune 1000 companies to identify best management practices.

@ThingsExpo Stories
The 22nd International Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, to be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, brings together Cloud Computing, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding busin...
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, examined the regulations and provided insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence arou...
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
Recently, REAN Cloud built a digital concierge for a North Carolina hospital that had observed that most patient call button questions were repetitive. In addition, the paper-based process used to measure patient health metrics was laborious, not in real-time and sometimes error-prone. In their session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sean Finnerty, Executive Director, Practice Lead, Health Care & Life Science at REAN Cloud, and Dr. S.P.T. Krishnan, Principal Architect at REAN Cloud, discussed how they built...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Among the proven benefits,...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait...
Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo have announced the conference tracks for Cloud Expo 2018. Cloud Expo will be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, and November 6-8, 2018, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DX Expo within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive ov...
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile exhibited at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on qua...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cedexis will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cedexis is the leader in data-driven enterprise global traffic management. Whether optimizing traffic through datacenters, clouds, CDNs, or any combination, Cedexis solutions drive quality and cost-effectiveness. For more information, please visit https://www.cedexis.com.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Google Cloud has been named “Keynote Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Companies come to Google Cloud to transform their businesses. Google Cloud’s comprehensive portfolio – from infrastructure to apps to devices – helps enterprises innovate faster, scale smarter, stay secure, and do more with data than ever before.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Vivint to exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st Cloud Expo, which will take place on October 31 through November 2nd 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, California. As a leading smart home technology provider, Vivint offers home security, energy management, home automation, local cloud storage, and high-speed Internet solutions to more than one million customers throughout the United States and Canada. The end result is a smart home solution that sav...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Opsani will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Opsani is the leading provider of deployment automation systems for running and scaling traditional enterprise applications on container infrastructure.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Nirmata will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Nirmata provides a comprehensive platform, for deploying, operating, and optimizing containerized applications across clouds, powered by Kubernetes. Nirmata empowers enterprise DevOps teams by fully automating the complex operations and management of application containers and its underlying ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Opsani to exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st Cloud Expo, which will take place on October 31 through November 2nd 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, California. Opsani is creating the next generation of automated continuous deployment tools designed specifically for containers. How is continuous deployment different from continuous integration and continuous delivery? CI/CD tools provide build and test. Continuous Deployment is the means by which...